NIH Map PDF - Overview
NIH Map – The National Institutes of Health is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research. It was founded in the late 1880s and is now part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The majority of NIH facilities are located in Bethesda, Maryland, and other nearby suburbs of the Washington metropolitan area, with other primary facilities in the Research Triangle Park in North Carolina and smaller satellite facilities located around the United States.
The NIH conducts its own scientific research through its Intramural Research Program (IRP) and provides major biomedical research funding to non-NIH research facilities through its Extramural Research Program. The NIH comprises 27 separate institutes and centers of different biomedical disciplines and is responsible for many scientific accomplishments, including the discovery of fluoride to prevent tooth decay, the use of lithium to manage bipolar disorder, and the creation of vaccines against hepatitis, Haemophilus influenzae (HIB), and human papillomavirus (HPV).
NIH Map – Information given in the map
- Patient & Patient Visitor Parking
- Visitor Parking
- Employee Parking Access
- Employee Parking
- Employee Pedestrian Entry
- Patient & Patient Visitor Entry
- Visitor Pedestrian Entry
- Visitor Vehicle Entry
- Commercial Vehicle Entry
NIH Map – Places
- Centre Dr
- West Dr
- North Dr
- East Dr
- Wilson Dr
- Memorial Dr
- Natcher Building
- Gateway Centre
- Convent Dr
- West Gateway Centre
- Lincon Dr
- National Library of Medicine
Discoveries and Developments of NIH
Since its inception, the NIH intramural research program has been a source of many pivotal scientific and medical discoveries. Some of these include:
- 1908: George W. McCoy’s discovery that rodents were a reservoir of bubonic plague.
- 1911: George W. McCoy, Charles W. Chapin, William B. Wherry, and B. H. Lamb described the previously unknown tularemia.
- 1924: Roscoe R. Spencer and Ralph R. Parker developed a vaccine against Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
- 1930: Sanford M. Rosenthal developed a treatment for mercury poisoning used widely before the development of dimercaptoethanol.
- 1943: Wilton R. Earle pioneered the cell culture process and published a paper describing the production of malignancy in vitro, Katherine K. Sanford developed the first clone from an isolated cancer cell, and Virginia J. Evans devised a medium that supported growth of cells in vitro.
- 1940s–1950s: Bernard Horecker and colleagues described the pentose phosphate pathway.
- 1950s: Julius Axelrod discovered a new class of enzymes, cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, a fundamental of drug metabolism.
- 1950: Earl Stadtman discovered phosphotransacetylose, elucidating the role of acetyl CoA in fatty acid metabolism.
- 1960s: Discovered the first human slow virus disease, kuru, which is a degenerative, fatal infection of the central nervous system. This discovery of a new mechanism for infectious diseases revolutionized thinking in microbiology and neurology.
- 1960s: Defined the mechanisms that regulate noradrenaline, one of the most important neurotransmitters in the brain.
- 1960s: Developed the first licensed rubella vaccine and the first test for rubella antibodies for large scale testing.
- 1960s: Developed an effective combination drug regimen for Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
- 1960s: Discovery that tooth decay is caused by bacteria.
- 1970s: Developed the assay for human chorionic gonadotropin that evolved into the home pregnancy tests.
- 1970s: Described the hormonal cycle involved in menstruation.
- 1980s: Determined the complete structure of the IgE receptor that is involved in allergic reactions.
- 1990s: First trial of gene therapy in humans.
Institutes and centers
The NIH is composed of 27 separate institutes and centers (ICs) that conduct and coordinate research across different disciplines of biomedical science. These are
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
- National Eye Institute (NEI)
- National Heart, Lung, and BloodInstitute (NHLBI)
- National Human Genome ResearchInstitute (NHGRI)
- National Institute on Aging (NIA)
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuseand Alcoholism (NIAAA)
- National Institute of Allergy andInfectious Diseases (NIAID)
- National Institute of Arthritis andMusculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
- National Institute of BiomedicalImaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
- National Institute of Child Healthand Human Development (NICHD)
- National Institute on Deafness andOther Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
- National Institute of Dental andCraniofacial Research (NIDCR)
- National Institute of Diabetes andDigestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
- National Institute on Drug Abuse(NIDA)
- National Institute of EnvironmentalHealth Sciences (NIEHS)
- National Institute of GeneralMedical Sciences (NIGMS)
- National Institute of Mental Health(NIMH)
- National Institute on MinorityHealth and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
- National Institute of NeurologicalDisorders and Stroke (NINDS)
- National Institute of NursingResearch (NINR)
- National Library of Medicine (NLM)
- Center for Information Technology(CIT)
- Center for Scientific Review (CSR)
- Fogarty International Center (FIC)
- NationalCenter for Advancing Translational Sciences(NCATS)
- NationalCenter for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
- NIH Clinical Center (NIH CC)
For more information please visit the official site of NIH from Here.
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