Shacharit PDF - Overview
Shacharit or Shacharis in Ashkenazi Hebrew, is the morning tefillah (prayer) of Judaism, one of the three daily prayers. Different traditions identify different primary components of Shacharis. Essentially all agree that pesukei dezimra, the Shema Yisrael and its blessings, and the Amidah are major sections. Some identify the preliminary blessings and readings, as a first, distinct section.
According to tradition, Shacharit was identified as a time of prayer by Abraham, as Genesis 19:27 states, Abraham arose early in the morning, which traditionally is the first Shacharis. However, Abraham’s prayer did not become a standardized prayer. Shacharis was also instituted in part as a replacement of the daily morning Temple service after the destruction of the Temple.
The sages of the Great Assembly may have formulated blessings and prayers that later became part of Shacharis, however the siddur, or prayerbook as we know it, was not fully formed until around the 7th century CE.