Surah Muzammil PDF - Overview
Surah Muzammil – Al-Muzzammil is the seventy-third chapter (sūrah) of the Qur’an, containing 20 verses (āyāt), which are recognized by Muslims as the word of God (Allah). Al-Muzzammil takes its name from the reference to prophet Muhammad, in his cloak praying at night, in the opening verses of the chapter. Many commentators claim that “The Enfolded One” is a name for Muhammad, used throughout the Qur’an.
In the beginning of Al-Muzzammil (Quran 73), God expounds upon the merits of night prayer in the First Meccan Period. Muhammad, and subsequently the Muslim community, is commanded to “stay up throughout the night, all but a small part of it, half, or a little less, or a little more; recite the Qur’an slowly and distinctly.” During the First Meccan Period, the total Qur’anic revelation was brief enough to recite during the night. As such, it was expected of Muslims to recite the Qur’an in full during the night.
Summary of Surah Muzammil
- 1-4 Muhammad and the Muslims bidden to pray during the night
- 5-9 The Quran to be pronounced with a distinct sonorous tone
- 10-11 Muhammad exhorted to bear patiently the contumelies of the infidels
- 11-14 God will visit the infidels with dire calamities
- 15-19 The punishment of Pharaoh a warning to the people of Makkah
- 20 Modification of the law given in verses 1-4