The Allegory of the Cave PDF - Overview
The Allegory of the Cave or Plato’s Cave in high quality, It is an allegory presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work republic to compare the effect of education and the lack of it on our nature. It is written as a dialogue between Plato’s brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates, narrated by the latter. The allegory is presented after the analogy of the sun and the analogy of the divided line.
The Allegory of the Cave is related to Plato’s theory of Forms, according to which the Forms or Ideas, and not the material world known to us through sensation, possess the highest and most fundamental kind of reality. Knowledge of the Forms constitutes real knowledge or what Socrates considers the Good. Socrates informs Glaucon that the most excellent people must follow the highest of all studies, which is to behold the good.
The Allegory of the Cave
Plato’s famous allegory of the cave, written around 380 bce , is one of the most important and influential passages of the republic. It vividly illustrates the concept of idealism as it was taught in the platonic academy, and provides a metaphor which philosophers have used for millennia to help us overcome superficiality and materialism.
In this dialogue, Socrates explains to Plato’s brother, Glaukon, that we all resemble captives who are chained deep within a cavern, who do not yet realize that there is more to reality than the shadows they see against the wall.